Endemic and Relict Species
ACHILLEA – ACHILLEA LINGULLATA
The shape of the flower and fruit tell that this plant belongs to the species of achillea. It is native to mountain turfs in acidic, deep soil. It is resilient to temperature wavering during the year.
THE ALBANIAN LILY – LILIUM ALBANICUM
This plant has a highly decorative flower, and there can be more than 10 of them in one plant. It is endemic to southeast Dinarides.
GEUM BULGARICUM – GEUM BULGARICUM
While exploring the flora of Bulgaria, a well-known naturalist Josif Pančić discovered this endemic species of the Balkan Peninsula in 1883. It is native to limestone rocks, turfs of sub-Alpine and Alpine range, as well as to sipars.
PLANTAGO – PLANTAGO RENIFORMIS
This very interesting plantain with bulbous leaves is native to humus, moderately humid and shaded places, thus named so in our language. It was described in 1887 by Austrian botanic G. Beck upon finding it on the mountain Hranisava above Tarcin (BiH). It belongs to endemic flora element of Dinarides.
BALKAN MAPLE – ACER HELDREICHI
This noble deciduous species is native to different types of soil, mostly at north exposures and in the valleys where snow lingers longer. It is very decorative during the autumn, when its leaves are golden in color. It is an endemic species of Balkan Peninsula.
YARROW – ACHILLEA ABROTANOIDES
It is native to limestone and screes, while many plants flee from them. It reaches the area up to 2,000 m altitude and it is another endemic species of the Balkan Peninsula. Its classic habitat is Orijen and it was described by R. Visiani in 1847. It can be used in folk medicine.
MUGO PINE – PINUS MUGO
The name mugo comes from the folk name “mughus” as this pine is called in the Alps. Unlike other pines it has a root system with numerous lateral roots which spread extensively taking the area up to 10 m. Due to this feature, this plant is extremely significant in preventing soil erosion, especially in the period of torrents and snowy avalanches. It is native to Kosovo Prokletije.
BOSNIAN PINE – PINUS HELDREICHII
Endemična vrsta centralnog i zapadnog dijela Balkanskog poluostrva i južnog dijela Apeninskog poluostrva. Naseljava stjenovite i kamenite terene, često puta veoma ekstremne. Stara kora ispuca u obliku pločica srednjovjekovnog oklopa viteza, pa otuda i naziv „Pancir bor“. Može da doživi duboku starost.
MACEDONIAN PINE – PINUS PEUCE
This type of plant with needles in fascicles of five was described in 1838 by the German botanic Grisebach. It is native to silicate surface, rarely to limestone. It needs fresh, moisture and deep soil. It is the endemic of central part of the Balkan Peninsula and it is a tertiary relic.
SERBIAN FENIX FLOWER – RAMONDIA SERBICA
This very interesting species was discovered by Jovan Pančić in 1855. It survived the ice age and in 1928, Pavle Cernjavski discovered its antibiotic characteristics, which means it can be returned from the apparent death (draining) by watering. That is why it is called the “phoenix flower”.
SILENE – SILENE SENDTNERI
This endemic species of the Dinarides is native to mountain meadows and turfs. This plant produces solitary white flower.
WULFENIA – WULFENIA BLECICI
A very beautiful plant native to limestone and silicate terrains. It is endemic to Prokletije and at the same time a protected species.